IOU Metric for semantic Segmentation

I have a batch of output mask of semantic segmentation <N,H,W> and my predicted mask of <N,H,W> , There are 22 categories. . How can i calculate mean IOU metric / Dice Coeff effeciently ?

For IOU take a look at this post for dice at this one.

1 Like

@ptrblck Thanks for the links,That seems to work for me.However i have one more question.
I tried to load from torchvision the Fully Convolutional network (FCN ResNet50).However when i am viewing the model i am not seeing any transpose convolution or upsampling layer , How does it keep spatial dimention same yet ? The model architecture is shown below.

FCN(
(backbone): IntermediateLayerGetter(
(conv1): Conv2d(3, 64, kernel_size=(7, 7), stride=(2, 2), padding=(3, 3), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
(maxpool): MaxPool2d(kernel_size=3, stride=2, padding=1, dilation=1, ceil_mode=False)
(layer1): Sequential(
(0): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(64, 64, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(64, 64, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(64, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
(downsample): Sequential(
(0): Conv2d(64, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(1): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
)
)
(1): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(256, 64, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(64, 64, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(64, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(2): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(256, 64, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(64, 64, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(64, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
)
(layer2): Sequential(
(0): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(256, 128, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(128, 128, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(2, 2), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(128, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
(downsample): Sequential(
(0): Conv2d(256, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(2, 2), bias=False)
(1): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
)
)
(1): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(512, 128, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(128, 128, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(128, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(2): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(512, 128, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(128, 128, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(128, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(3): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(512, 128, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(128, 128, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(128, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
)
(layer3): Sequential(
(0): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(512, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(256, 1024, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(1024, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
(downsample): Sequential(
(0): Conv2d(512, 1024, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(1): BatchNorm2d(1024, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
)
)
(1): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(1024, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(2, 2), dilation=(2, 2), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(256, 1024, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(1024, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(2): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(1024, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(2, 2), dilation=(2, 2), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(256, 1024, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(1024, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(3): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(1024, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(2, 2), dilation=(2, 2), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(256, 1024, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(1024, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(4): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(1024, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(2, 2), dilation=(2, 2), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(256, 1024, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(1024, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(5): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(1024, 256, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(2, 2), dilation=(2, 2), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(256, 1024, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(1024, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
)
(layer4): Sequential(
(0): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(1024, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(2, 2), dilation=(2, 2), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(512, 2048, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(2048, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
(downsample): Sequential(
(0): Conv2d(1024, 2048, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(1): BatchNorm2d(2048, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
)
)
(1): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(2048, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(4, 4), dilation=(4, 4), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(512, 2048, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(2048, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
(2): Bottleneck(
(conv1): Conv2d(2048, 512, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn1): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv2): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(4, 4), dilation=(4, 4), bias=False)
(bn2): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(conv3): Conv2d(512, 2048, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1), bias=False)
(bn3): BatchNorm2d(2048, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(relu): ReLU(inplace=True)
)
)
)
(classifier): FCNHead(
(0): Conv2d(2048, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1), bias=False)
(1): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(2): ReLU()
(3): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
(4): Conv2d(512, 21, kernel_size=(1, 1), stride=(1, 1))
)
)

A FCN model doesn’t necessarily keep the spatial dimensions the same, but uses conv layers instead of linear layers to be able to accept variable input shapes.
This can also be done using adaptive pooling layers.

Usually the last linear layers are replaced with a 1x1 conv layer (and potentially a global pooling layer to get the number of classes as the output).

1 Like