Loss never improves and all predictions remain close to 0.5

Hello, I am new to PyTorch and my task is translating a Binary Classification CNN model from Tensorflow into Pytorch. The model was working mostly as expected, but I must have changed something because all of the sudden it is not working at all.

The Loss never meaningfully changes as I train it, just fluctuates very slightly. So I know the weights are updating. But when I check the predictions, everything gets predicted at approximately 0.5, and that does not change.

I am using a custom loss function for Weighted BCE, as I need to penalize the minority class more heavily. I am pretty sure this loss function has something to do with this problem, but I can’t pinpoint what is wrong. Please review my code to see if you can spot what might be wrong. Thanks!

class Model(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Model, self).__init__()
        self.embedding = nn.Embedding.from_pretrained(embedding_weights)
        self.drop = nn.Dropout(p = .25)
        self.conv(nn.ModuleList([nn.Conv1d(64,32,n,1,'same') for n in [3,4,5]])) #applies 3 convolutional layers separately to the embeddings and concatenates for fc layers
        self.m = nn.AdaptiveMaxPool1d(1) #replicates TF's GlobalMaxPool
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(263,128)
        self.dropout1 = nn.Dropout(p = .2)
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(128, 64)
        self.dropout2 = nn.Dropout(p = .2)
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(64, 32)
        self.dropout3 = nn.Dropout(p = .2)
        self.output = nn.Linear(32,1)
    def forward(self, x):
        x[0] = self.embedding(x[0])
        output = []
        for l in self.conv:
            output.append(F.relu(self.m(l(self.drop(x[0]))).view(-1,32))) #creates a list with conv output, which will be concatenated
        output = torch.cat(output, dim = 1).float()
        output = self.dropout1(nn.LeakyReLU(negative_slope = .2)(self.fc1(output)))
        output = self.dropout2(nn.LeakyReLU(negative_slope = .2)(self.fc2(output)))
        output = self.dropout3(nn.LeakyReLU(negative_slope = .2)(self.fc3(output)))
        output = nn.Sigmoid(self.output(output)).view(-1)
        return output

def WeightedBCELoss(output, label, weights = None):
    output = torch.clamp(output, 1e-7, 1-1e-7)
    if weights is not None:
        assert len(weights) == 2
        loss = weights[1] * (label * torch.log(output)) + weights[0] * ((1-label) * torch.log(1-output))
        loss = label * torch.log(output) + (1-label) * torch.log(1-output)
    return torch.neg(torch.mean(loss))

Training loop:

class_weights = torch.FloatTensor(sklearn.utils.class_weight.compute_class_weight('balanced', np.unique(y_train), y_train))

num_epochs = 25
batch_size = 128
learning_rate = 0.001

criterion = WeightedBCELoss
optimizer = torch.optim.Adam(net.parameters(), lr = learning_rate)

for epoch in num_epochs:
    iterations = 0
    iter_loss = 0.0
    for i, (inputs, labels) in enumerate(loader):
        outputs = net(inputs)
        loss = criterion(outputs, labels, class_weights)
        iter_loss += loss.item()
        iterations += 1
        if(i +1)%1000 == 0: 
            print(f'Epoch [{epoch+1}/{num_epochs}], Step[{i+1}/{n_total_steps}], Batch Loss = {loss.item():.4f}, Epoch Loss = {iter_loss/iterations:.4f}')

Could you compare your training to nn.BCEWithLogitsLoss with the usage of the pos_weight argument and see if this would fix the issue?