Hi Pytorch community!

I’m a bit new to the whole field and thus decided to work on the MNIST dataset. I pretty much adapted the whole code from https://github.com/pytorch/examples/blob/master/mnist/main.py, with only one significant change: Data Loading. I didn’t want to use the available MNIST dataset within Torchvision. So I used MNIST in CSV.

I loaded the data from CSV file by inheriting from Dataset and making a new dataloader.

Here’s the relevant code:

```
mean = 33.318421449829934
sd = 78.56749081851163
# mean = 0.1307
# sd = 0.3081
import numpy as np
from torch.utils.data import Dataset, DataLoader
class dataset(Dataset):
def __init__(self, csv, transform=None):
data = pd.read_csv(csv, header=None)
self.X = np.array(data.iloc[:, 1:]).reshape(-1, 28, 28, 1).astype('float32')
self.Y = np.array(data.iloc[:, 0])
del data
self.transform = transform
def __len__(self):
return len(self.X)
def __getitem__(self, idx):
item = self.X[idx]
label = self.Y[idx]
if self.transform:
item = self.transform(item)
return (item, label)
import torchvision.transforms as transforms
trainData = dataset('mnist_train.csv', transform=transforms.Compose([
transforms.ToTensor(),
transforms.Normalize((mean,), (sd,))
]))
testData = dataset('mnist_test.csv', transform=transforms.Compose([
transforms.ToTensor(),
transforms.Normalize((mean,), (sd,))
]))
train_loader = DataLoader(dataset=trainData,
batch_size=10,
shuffle=True,
)
test_loader = DataLoader(dataset=testData,
batch_size=10,
shuffle=True,
)
```

However this code gives me the absolutely weird training error graph that you see in the picture, and a final validation error of 11% because it classifies everything as a ‘7’.

I managed to track the problem down to how I normalize the data and if I use the values given in the example code (0.1307, and 0.3081) for transforms.Normalize, along with reading the data as type ‘uint8’ it works perfectly, giving **99% accuracy**.

Note that there is very **minimal difference in the data** which is provided in these two cases. Normalizing by 0.1307 and 0.3081 on values from 0 to 1 has the same effect as normalizing by 33.31 and 78.56 on values from 0 to 255. The values are even mostly the same (A black pixels corresponds to -0.4241 in the first case and -0.4242 in the second.

If you would like to see a IPython Notebook where this problem is seen clearly, please check out https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1W1qx7IADpnn5e5w97IcxVvmZAaMK9vL3

I am unable to understand what has caused such a huge difference in behaviour within these two data sets. Any help would be massively appreciated