# A bug of cross entropy

Hi,

This is very strange, I calculate the cross-entropy loss using the perfectly correct prediction results and GT. as follows:

pred = tensor([[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.],
[1., 0.]], device=‘cuda:0’, grad_fn=)

label =tensor([0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 , 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0])

then use
F.cross_entropy(pred, finial_label.to(parent_embedding.device))

The result of the output is
tensor(0.3133, device=‘cuda:0’, grad_fn=NllLossBackward)

Why does it appear?

`nn.CrossEntropyLoss` expects logits as the model output, not probabilities, so your `pred` tensor is not representing a “perfect” prediction.
Using high/low logits would work:

``````pred = torch.tensor([10000., -10000.])
pred = pred.unsqueeze(0).expand(10, -1)

label = torch.zeros(10).long()

criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss()
loss = criterion(pred, label)
print(loss)
# tensor(0.)
``````

Sorry, this is my mistake, not a pytorch bug. thank you very much!