Begginner help with DCGAN tutorial


I followed the DCGAN tutorial that is shared in the webpage here DCGAN Tutorial — PyTorch Tutorials 2.1.1+cu121 documentation (including reading the papers and other materials).

After checking my implementation again and again im pretty sure there are no errors or problems, however, when it comes to training both the error of the the discriminator is always zero and the network doesnt get trained.

For example printing how the network evolve i get this:

And this is part of the log output in Pycharm:

[0/0][950/1583] Loss_D: 0.0000 Loss_G: 100.0000 D(x): 1.0000 D(G(z)): 0.0000 / 0.0000
[0/0][1000/1583] Loss_D: 0.0000 Loss_G: 100.0000 D(x): 1.0000 D(G(z)): 0.0000 / 0.0000

(the forum doesnt let me upload more than one picture).

If you plot the faces is just noise

Im pretty sure is something that my lack of experience is not letting me debug correctly, i would appreciate any help.

Find below the script im using, if you need to test you need (as the tutorial requires) to have the celeba collection in the root folder.

#%matplotlib inline
import argparse
import os
import random
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.parallel
import torch.optim as optim
import torchvision.datasets as dset
import torchvision.transforms as transforms
import torchvision.utils as vutils
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.animation as animation
from IPython.display import HTML

def weights_init(m):

    classname = m.__class__.__name__

    if classname.find('Conv') != -1:
        nn.init.normal_(, 0.0, 0.02)
    elif classname.find('BatchNorm') != -1:
        nn.init.normal_(, 1.0, 0.02)
        nn.init.constant_(, 0.0)

class Generator(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, ngpu, nz, ngf, nc):
        super(Generator, self).__init__()
        self.ngpu = ngpu

        self.generator = nn.Sequential(

            nn.ConvTranspose2d(nz, ngf*8, 4, 1, 0, bias = False),

            nn.ConvTranspose2d(ngf * 8, ngf * 4, 4, 2, 1, bias=False),
            nn.BatchNorm2d(ngf * 4),

            nn.ConvTranspose2d(ngf * 4, ngf * 2, 4, 2, 1, bias=False),
            nn.BatchNorm2d(ngf * 2),

            nn.ConvTranspose2d(ngf * 2, ngf, 4, 2, 1, bias=False),

            nn.ConvTranspose2d(ngf, nc, 4, 2, 1, bias=False),

    def forward(self, input):
        return self.generator(input)

class Discriminator(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, ngpu, nc, ndf):

        super(Discriminator, self).__init__()
        self.ngpu = ngpu

        self.discriminator = nn.Sequential(

            nn.Conv2d(nc, ndf, 4, 2, 1, bias = False),
            nn.LeakyReLU(0.2, inplace = True),

            nn.Conv2d(ndf, ndf*2, 4,2,1, bias = False),
            nn.LeakyReLU(0.2, inplace = True),

            nn.Conv2d(ndf*2, ndf*4, 4,2, 1, bias = False),
            nn.LeakyReLU(0.2, inplace = True),

            nn.Conv2d(ndf*4, ndf*8, 4, 2, 1, bias = False),
            nn.LeakyReLU(0.2, inplace = True),

            nn.Conv2d(ndf*8,1, 4, 1, 0, bias= False),

    def forward(self, input):
        return self.discriminator(input)
def main():

    data_path = os.getcwd()
    #images_path = os.path.join(data_path, 'celeba').replace('\\', '/')
    images_path = 'celeba'

    manual_seed = 42


    workers = 2
    batch_size = 128
    image_size = 64
    nc = 3
    nz = 100
    ngf = 64
    ndf = 64
    epochs = 1
    lr = 0.0002

    beta1 = 0.5
    ngpu = 1

    data_transforms = transforms.Compose([transforms.Resize(size=image_size), transforms.CenterCrop(image_size),
                                          transforms.Normalize((0.5, 0.5, 0.5), (0.5, 0.5, 0.5))])

    dataset = dset.ImageFolder(root=images_path, transform=data_transforms)

    data_loader =, batch_size=batch_size, shuffle=True, num_workers=workers)

    device = torch.device('cuda:0' if (torch.cuda.is_available() and ngpu > 0) else 'cpu')

    #-- Test plotting
    real_batch = next(iter(data_loader))
    plt.figure(figsize=(8, 8))
    plt.title('Training Images')
    plt.imshow(np.transpose(vutils.make_grid(real_batch[0].to(device)[:64], padding=2, normalize=True).cpu(), (1, 2, 0)))

    #-- Apply Generator

    netG = Generator(ngpu, nz, ngf, nc).to(device)

    if (device.type == 'cuda') and (ngpu > 1):
        netG = nn.DataParallel(netG, list(range(ngpu)))


    netD = Discriminator(ngpu, nc, ndf).to(device)

    if (device.type == 'cuda') and (ngpu > 1):
        netG = nn.DataParallel(netG, list(range(ngpu)))



    criterion = nn.BCELoss()

    fixed_noise = torch.randn(64, nz, 1, 1, device = device)

    real_label = 1
    fake_label = 0

    optimizerD = optim.Adam(netD.parameters(), lr = lr, betas = (beta1, 0.999))
    optimizerG = optim.Adam(netG.parameters(), lr=lr, betas=(beta1, 0.999))


    img_list = []
    G_losses = []
    D_losses = []
    iters = 0

    print('Starting Training Loop...')

    for epoch in range(epochs):

        for i, data in enumerate(data_loader, 0):


            real_cpu = data[0].to(device)
            b_size = real_cpu.size(0)
            label = torch.full((b_size,), real_label, dtype = torch.float, device = device)

            output = netD(real_cpu).view(-1)
            errD_real = criterion(output, label)

            D_x = output.mean().item()

            noise = torch.randn(b_size, nz, 1, 1, device = device)

            fake = netG(noise)

            output = netD(fake.detach()).view(-1)

            errD_fake = criterion(output, label)

            D_G_z1 = output.mean().item()

            errD = errD_real + errD_fake


            #print('{} {} {} '.format(errD_real, errD_fake, errD))




            output = netD(fake).view(-1)

            errG = criterion(output, label)

            D_G_z2 = output.mean().item()


            if i % 50 == 0:
                print('[%d/%d][%d/%d]\tLoss_D: %.4f\tLoss_G: %.4f\tD(x): %.4f\tD(G(z)): %.4f / %.4f'
                      % (epoch, epochs - 1, i, len(data_loader),
                         errD.item(), errG.item(), D_x, D_G_z1, D_G_z2))


            if (iters % 500 == 0) or ((epoch == epochs-1) and (i == len(data_loader)-1)):
                with torch.no_grad():
                    fake = netG(fixed_noise).detach().cpu()

                img_list.append(vutils.make_grid(fake, padding = 2, normalize = True))

            iters += 1

    plt.title("Generator and Discriminator Loss During Training")
    plt.plot(G_losses, label = 'G')
    plt.plot(D_losses, label='D')
    real_batch = next(iter(data_loader))
    plt.figure(figsize = (15,15))
    plt.subplot(1, 2, 1)
    plt.title('Real Images')
    plt.imshow(np.transpose(vutils.make_grid(real_batch[0].to(device)[:64], padding = 5, normalize= True).cpu(),
                            (1, 2, 0)))

    plt.subplot(1, 2, 2)
    plt.title('Fake Images')
    plt.imshow(np.transpose(img_list[-1], (1, 2, 0)))

if __name__ == '__main__':

Hi Julián!

It does look like you are following the tutorial code quite closely, but just
to be sure, you might want to double-check things one more time …

Assuming that some copy-paste error hasn’t crept into your code
somewhere, the fact that you don’t get the same results as those
shown in the tutorial is quite surprising.

Some things you might try:

You are using 42 for your random-number manual_seed(), while the
tutorial uses 999. Try using 999 and see if you can reproduce the
tutorial’s results line by line.

I can’t tell – neither for you nor the tutorial – which version of pytorch
is being used and whether / which version of a gpu is being used.

Note that many recent gpus silently use reduced precision (the “dreaded
TensorFloat-32”). GAN training tends to be finicky. It’s hypothetically
possible that TensorFloat-32 could cause not-quite-unstable GAN training
to become unstable, giving you the results you see. So if you are using
a gpu, you might try running on your cpu (or turning off TF32, if that’s

You could also try running the tutorial’s Colab version. (See the “Run in
Google Colab” link at the top of the tutorial.) Does the Colab version still
get good results? If so, you could print out intermediate results in both your
version and the tutorial’s Colab and see where they first differ (by more
than some small round-off error), using a systematic divide-and-conquer
approach, if it comes to that.

It’s noteworthy that your generator loss is “exactly” 100.0000. This
suggests that the output of the Sigmoid is saturating to zero when
the Generator is trying to get the Discriminator not to predict a
small value for real_label = 1. If, in this situation, Discriminator,
correctly, from its perspective, predicts a very small value for the image
fake, when BCELoss compares that prediction to real_label = 1,
BCELoss will diverge and cap its divergent value at 100.0), likely
causing Generator to quit training.

Your Discriminator passes its output through Sigmoid and you then
use BCELoss as your loss criterion. Now this seems to be working for
the tutorial, but it can have problems with numerical stability, in particular
where Sigmoid saturates, as described above, causing your training to

Try getting rid of the Sigmoid and use BCEWithLogitsLoss to avoid
this potential problem. You will no longer have the possibility of Sigmoid
saturating (underflowing) to zero.

The thinking is that if the GAN training is on the edge of instability, it
might work for the tutorial, but get pushed over the edge into instability
by BCELoss when you run it, just because of truly minor differences in
what you are doing.

If none of the easier ideas work, try – assuming that the tutorial’s Colab
still works – the suggestion above of running your code side-by-side with
Colab until you locate the source of the discrepancy.

Good luck!

K. Frank