Error when using spectral_norm on multiple GPUs

Hi everyone,

I am trying to use the spectrale_norm function for a GAN regularization. I am on pytorch 0.4.0 so I just copy pasted the source code you can find here. I am calling the function spectral_norm on transposed 2d convolutions as well as 2d convolutions but I get the following error while training (when I call loss.backward() ):

RuntimeError: Tensor: invalid storage offset at /pytorch/aten/src/THC/generic/THCTensor.c:759

By looking at previous answers I changed (line 29):

weight_mat = weight_mat.reshape(height, -1)


weight_mat = weight_mat.view(height, -1)

and then get the error:

RuntimeError: invalid argument 2: View size is not compatible with input tensor's size and stride (at least one dimension spans across two contiguous subspaces). Call .contiguous() before .view(). at /pytorch/aten/src/THC/generic/THCTensor.c:276

So as suggested I now changed line 29 to:

weight_mat = weight_mat.contiguous().view(height, -1)

And now things works. I just wanted to be sure my function is still performing correctly the spectral normalization and if yes, the original line 29 might be a mistake. Having explanations on that point could be great.

Thank you

reshape is designed to replace contiguous+view. So the bug is not at that line. If you could give us a gdb trace or a small repro example for the original error, that will be great.

Hi Simon,

Yes sure sorry I should have done that earlier. It s just a GAN generator from 16x16 input noise to 256x256 output image, I just train it with L1Loss just to show you the issue (sorry if the code is messy I am a beginner). There you go:

from torch import optim
import torch.nn as nn
from tqdm import tqdm
from import DataLoader
from torch.utils import data
import numpy as np

class Generator(nn.Module):

    def __init__(self, image_size=64, z_size=16, conv_dim=64):

        self.n_up = int(np.log2(image_size/z_size))
        curr_channel = 1
        out_channels = conv_dim

        for i in range(self.n_up):

            self.__dict__["_modules"]["upconv"+str(i+1)] = nn.Sequential(

            curr_channel = out_channels
            out_channels = curr_channel//2

            if i>=(self.n_up-3):
                self.__dict__["_modules"]["conv"+str(i+1)] = nn.Sequential(
                    nn.Conv2d(curr_channel, 1, 1, 1, 0),
    def forward(self, z):

        res = []

        for i in range(self.n_up):
            z = self.__dict__["_modules"]["upconv"+str(i+1)](z)

            if i==(self.n_up-1):

        return res[-1]

class DatasetTest(data.Dataset):
    def __init__(self, data, target): = data = target
    def __len__(self):
    def __getitem__(self, index):
        return {"data":[index], "target":[index]}
inp = torch.rand(100, 1, 16, 16)
tar = torch.rand(100, 1, 256, 256)
data = DatasetTest(inp, tar)
loader = DataLoader(dataset=data, batch_size=10, shuffle=True)

gen = Generator(image_size=256, z_size=16, conv_dim=64).cuda()
optimizer = optim.Adam(filter(lambda p: p.requires_grad, gen.parameters()), lr=0.0004)
gen = nn.DataParallel(gen).cuda()

crit = nn.L1Loss()

for batch in tqdm(loader):
    inp = batch["data"].cuda()
    tar = batch["target"].cuda()
    out = gen(inp)
    loss = crit(out, tar.detach())

As I said earlier, the spectral normalization is just a copy pasted of the available version of the source code without any change so if you are on 0.4.1 please add:

from torch.nn.utils.spectral_norm import *

at the beginning of this code.
After investigation, it happens that if I don t use data parallelisation, everything works. But if I do then I get the following error:

File "brain_anomaly_detection/models/", line 185, in <module>
  File "/home/joutars/anaconda2/envs/py36/lib/python3.6/site-packages/torch/", line 93, in backward
    torch.autograd.backward(self, gradient, retain_graph, create_graph)
  File "/home/joutars/anaconda2/envs/py36/lib/python3.6/site-packages/torch/autograd/", line 89, in backward
    allow_unreachable=True)  # allow_unreachable flag
RuntimeError: Tensor: invalid storage offset at /pytorch/aten/src/THC/generic/THCTensor.c:759

Any idea?