Hi,

if you look at functionals,

https://pytorch.org/docs/0.4.1/nn.html?highlight=functional%20conv2d#torch.nn.functional.conv2d

What they do is applaying a convolution given an input and a set of filters, kernels, weights or however you wanna call them. So, if you define some filters and never modify them, you are achiving exactly what you want.

On contrary, nn.conv2d is a class (functionals are functions). When you instantiate it, a set o weights is created. When you train those weights are modified. However, if you look at nn.conv2d source code

```
lass Conv2d(_ConvNd):
r"""Applies a 2D convolution over an input signal composed of several input
planes.
In the simplest case, the output value of the layer with input size
:math:`(N, C_{in}, H, W)` and output :math:`(N, C_{out}, H_{out}, W_{out})`
can be precisely described as:
.. math::
\begin{equation*}
\text{out}(N_i, C_{out_j}) = \text{bias}(C_{out_j}) +
\sum_{k = 0}^{C_{in} - 1} \text{weight}(C_{out_j}, k) \star \text{input}(N_i, k)
\end{equation*},
where :math:`\star` is the valid 2D `cross-correlation`_ operator,
:math:`N` is a batch size, :math:`C` denotes a number of channels,
:math:`H` is a height of input planes in pixels, and :math:`W` is
width in pixels.
* :attr:`stride` controls the stride for the cross-correlation, a single
number or a tuple.
* :attr:`padding` controls the amount of implicit zero-paddings on both
sides for :attr:`padding` number of points for each dimension.
* :attr:`dilation` controls the spacing between the kernel points; also
known as the à trous algorithm. It is harder to describe, but this `link`_
has a nice visualization of what :attr:`dilation` does.
* :attr:`groups` controls the connections between inputs and outputs.
:attr:`in_channels` and :attr:`out_channels` must both be divisible by
:attr:`groups`. For example,
* At groups=1, all inputs are convolved to all outputs.
* At groups=2, the operation becomes equivalent to having two conv
layers side by side, each seeing half the input channels,
and producing half the output channels, and both subsequently
concatenated.
* At groups= :attr:`in_channels`, each input channel is convolved with
its own set of filters (of size
:math:`\left\lfloor\frac{\text{out_channels}}{\text{in_channels}}\right\rfloor`).
The parameters :attr:`kernel_size`, :attr:`stride`, :attr:`padding`, :attr:`dilation` can either be:
- a single ``int`` -- in which case the same value is used for the height and width dimension
- a ``tuple`` of two ints -- in which case, the first `int` is used for the height dimension,
and the second `int` for the width dimension
.. note::
Depending of the size of your kernel, several (of the last)
columns of the input might be lost, because it is a valid `cross-correlation`_,
and not a full `cross-correlation`_.
It is up to the user to add proper padding.
.. note::
The configuration when `groups == in_channels` and `out_channels == K * in_channels`
where `K` is a positive integer is termed in literature as depthwise convolution.
In other words, for an input of size :math:`(N, C_{in}, H_{in}, W_{in})`, if you want a
depthwise convolution with a depthwise multiplier `K`,
then you use the constructor arguments
:math:`(\text{in_channels}=C_{in}, \text{out_channels}=C_{in} * K, ..., \text{groups}=C_{in})`
Args:
in_channels (int): Number of channels in the input image
out_channels (int): Number of channels produced by the convolution
kernel_size (int or tuple): Size of the convolving kernel
stride (int or tuple, optional): Stride of the convolution. Default: 1
padding (int or tuple, optional): Zero-padding added to both sides of the input. Default: 0
dilation (int or tuple, optional): Spacing between kernel elements. Default: 1
groups (int, optional): Number of blocked connections from input channels to output channels. Default: 1
bias (bool, optional): If ``True``, adds a learnable bias to the output. Default: ``True``
Shape:
- Input: :math:`(N, C_{in}, H_{in}, W_{in})`
- Output: :math:`(N, C_{out}, H_{out}, W_{out})` where
.. math::
H_{out} = \left\lfloor\frac{H_{in} + 2 \times \text{padding}[0] - \text{dilation}[0]
\times (\text{kernel_size}[0] - 1) - 1}{\text{stride}[0]} + 1\right\rfloor
W_{out} = \left\lfloor\frac{W_{in} + 2 \times \text{padding}[1] - \text{dilation}[1]
\times (\text{kernel_size}[1] - 1) - 1}{\text{stride}[1]} + 1\right\rfloor
Attributes:
weight (Tensor): the learnable weights of the module of shape
(out_channels, in_channels, kernel_size[0], kernel_size[1])
bias (Tensor): the learnable bias of the module of shape (out_channels)
Examples::
>>> # With square kernels and equal stride
>>> m = nn.Conv2d(16, 33, 3, stride=2)
>>> # non-square kernels and unequal stride and with padding
>>> m = nn.Conv2d(16, 33, (3, 5), stride=(2, 1), padding=(4, 2))
>>> # non-square kernels and unequal stride and with padding and dilation
>>> m = nn.Conv2d(16, 33, (3, 5), stride=(2, 1), padding=(4, 2), dilation=(3, 1))
>>> input = torch.randn(20, 16, 50, 100)
>>> output = m(input)
.. _cross-correlation:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-correlation
.. _link:
https://github.com/vdumoulin/conv_arithmetic/blob/master/README.md
"""
def __init__(self, in_channels, out_channels, kernel_size, stride=1,
padding=0, dilation=1, groups=1, bias=True):
kernel_size = _pair(kernel_size)
stride = _pair(stride)
padding = _pair(padding)
dilation = _pair(dilation)
super(Conv2d, self).__init__(
in_channels, out_channels, kernel_size, stride, padding, dilation,
False, _pair(0), groups, bias)
def forward(self, input):
return F.conv2d(input, self.weight, self.bias, self.stride,
self.padding, self.dilation, self.groups)
```

It calls the functional in the end. The difference is that the class version store weights as parameters and modify them while training, meanwhile functional requires weights as input.

It’s a repetitive explanation but hope you undertood it.

In order to apply a convolution with constant values you just have to define the filter and to use the functional instead of the class.