Issue on quantization aware training of MobileNet

I am trying to replicate the quantization aware training process as explained in the pytorch example (beta) Static Quantization with Eager Mode in PyTorch — PyTorch Tutorials 1.10.1+cu102 documentation. The python notebook can be found here. The model code with slight modification is

from torch.quantization import QuantStub, DeQuantStub

def _make_divisible(v, divisor, min_value=None):
    This function is taken from the original tf repo.
    It ensures that all layers have a channel number that is divisible by 8
    It can be seen here:
    :param v:
    :param divisor:
    :param min_value:
    if min_value is None:
        min_value = divisor
    new_v = max(min_value, int(v + divisor / 2) // divisor * divisor)
    # Make sure that round down does not go down by more than 10%.
    if new_v < 0.9 * v:
        new_v += divisor
    return new_v

class ConvBNReLU(nn.Sequential):
    def __init__(self, in_planes, out_planes, kernel_size=3, stride=1, groups=1):
        padding = (kernel_size - 1) // 2
        super(ConvBNReLU, self).__init__(
            nn.Conv2d(in_planes, out_planes, kernel_size, stride, padding, groups=groups, bias=False),
            nn.BatchNorm2d(out_planes, momentum=0.1),
            # Replace with ReLU

class InvertedResidual(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, inp, oup, stride, expand_ratio):
        super(InvertedResidual, self).__init__()
        self.stride = stride
        assert stride in [1, 2]

        hidden_dim = int(round(inp * expand_ratio))
        self.use_res_connect = self.stride == 1 and inp == oup

        layers = []
        if expand_ratio != 1:
            # pw
            layers.append(ConvBNReLU(inp, hidden_dim, kernel_size=1))
            # dw
            ConvBNReLU(hidden_dim, hidden_dim, stride=stride, groups=hidden_dim),
            # pw-linear
            nn.Conv2d(hidden_dim, oup, 1, 1, 0, bias=False),
            nn.BatchNorm2d(oup, momentum=0.1),
        self.conv = nn.Sequential(*layers)
        # Replace torch.add with floatfunctional
        self.skip_add = nn.quantized.FloatFunctional()

    def forward(self, x):
        if self.use_res_connect:
            # return x+self.conv(x)
            return self.skip_add.add_scalar(x, self.conv(x))
            return self.conv(x)

class MobileNetV2(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, num_classes=1000, width_mult=1.0, inverted_residual_setting=None, round_nearest=8):
        MobileNet V2 main class
            num_classes (int): Number of classes
            width_mult (float): Width multiplier - adjusts number of channels in each layer by this amount
            inverted_residual_setting: Network structure
            round_nearest (int): Round the number of channels in each layer to be a multiple of this number
            Set to 1 to turn off rounding
        super(MobileNetV2, self).__init__()
        block = InvertedResidual
        input_channel = 32
        last_channel = 1280

        if inverted_residual_setting is None:
            inverted_residual_setting = [
                # t, c, n, s
                [1, 16, 1, 1],
                [6, 24, 2, 2],
                [6, 32, 3, 2],
                [6, 64, 4, 2],
                [6, 96, 3, 1],
                [6, 160, 3, 2],
                [6, 320, 1, 1],

        # only check the first element, assuming user knows t,c,n,s are required
        if len(inverted_residual_setting) == 0 or len(inverted_residual_setting[0]) != 4:
            raise ValueError("inverted_residual_setting should be non-empty "
                             "or a 4-element list, got {}".format(inverted_residual_setting))

        # building first layer
        input_channel = _make_divisible(input_channel * width_mult, round_nearest)
        self.last_channel = _make_divisible(last_channel * max(1.0, width_mult), round_nearest)
        features = [ConvBNReLU(3, input_channel, stride=2)]
        # building inverted residual blocks
        for t, c, n, s in inverted_residual_setting:
            output_channel = _make_divisible(c * width_mult, round_nearest)
            for i in range(n):
                stride = s if i == 0 else 1
                features.append(block(input_channel, output_channel, stride, expand_ratio=t))
                input_channel = output_channel
        # building last several layers
        features.append(ConvBNReLU(input_channel, self.last_channel, kernel_size=1))
        # make it nn.Sequential
        self.features = nn.Sequential(*features)
        self.quant = QuantStub()
        self.dequant = DeQuantStub()
        # building classifier
        self.classifier = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(self.last_channel, num_classes),

        # weight initialization
        for m in self.modules():
            if isinstance(m, nn.Conv2d):
                nn.init.kaiming_normal_(m.weight, mode='fan_out')
                if m.bias is not None:
            elif isinstance(m, nn.BatchNorm2d):
            elif isinstance(m, nn.Linear):
                nn.init.normal_(m.weight, 0, 0.01)

    def forward(self, x):

        x = self.quant(x)

        x = self.features(x)
        x = x.mean([2, 3])
        x = self.classifier(x)
        x = self.dequant(x)
        return x

    # Fuse Conv+BN and Conv+BN+Relu modules prior to quantization
    # This operation does not change the numerics
    def fuse_model(self):
        for m in self.modules():
            if type(m) == ConvBNReLU:
                torch.quantization.fuse_modules(m, ['0', '1', '2'], inplace=True)
            if type(m) == InvertedResidual:
                for idx in range(len(m.conv)):
                    if type(m.conv[idx]) == nn.Conv2d:
                        torch.quantization.fuse_modules(m.conv, [str(idx), str(idx + 1)], inplace=True)

I am getting the error

/home/canservers/anaconda3/envs/torch/lib/python3.7/site-packages/torch/nn/modules/ in _call_impl(self, *input, **kwargs)
    725             result = self._slow_forward(*input, **kwargs)
    726         else:
--> 727             result = self.forward(*input, **kwargs)
    728         for hook in itertools.chain(
    729                 _global_forward_hooks.values(),

<ipython-input-11-a1ec4d8dc579> in forward(self, x)
    140         x = x.mean([2, 3])
    141         x = self.classifier(x)
--> 142         x = self.dequant(x)
    143         return x

/home/canservers/anaconda3/envs/torch/lib/python3.7/site-packages/torch/nn/modules/ in _call_impl(self, *input, **kwargs)
    725             result = self._slow_forward(*input, **kwargs)
    726         else:
--> 727             result = self.forward(*input, **kwargs)
    728         for hook in itertools.chain(
    729                 _global_forward_hooks.values(),

/home/canservers/anaconda3/envs/torch/lib/python3.7/site-packages/torch/nn/quantized/modules/ in forward(self, Xq)
     79     def forward(self, Xq):
---> 80         return Xq.dequantize()
     82     @staticmethod

RuntimeError: Could not run 'aten::dequantize.self' with arguments from the 'CPU' backend. 'aten::dequantize.self' is only available for these backends: [QuantizedCPU, QuantizedCUDA, BackendSelect, Named, AutogradOther, AutogradCPU, AutogradCUDA, AutogradXLA, AutogradPrivateUse1, AutogradPrivateUse2, AutogradPrivateUse3, Tracer, Autocast, Batched, VmapMode].

I am not sure what the issue is as the implementation is exactly similar to what has been shown on the official pytorch tutorial. The changes that I made are using qnnpack instead of fbgemm and setting the qconfig

qat_model.qconfig = torch.quantization.get_default_qat_qconfig('qnnpack')

Do you have the same issue with fbgemm? We may not have support for qnnpack for this particular case. I’ll check

Hi David, thanks for your response. Yes I tried with fbbgem and having the same issue. Can I request to please have a look at it soon? Awaiting your reponse

this means the output of self.classifier is already dequantized and we don’t need an extra dequantize, maybe you can try removing x = self.dequant(x) after x = self.classifier(x)?

So I updated the torch version to latest one and that seemed to have solved the issue. Thanks! And this can be closed out.

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