Pytorch LSTM Dimension Issue

I am working on amazon fine food reviews to create a multiclass LSTM but i am getting error.

ValueError: Expected input batch_size (10000) to match target batch_size (50).

Below is my complete code. Sorry for posting this long code i need your help. It is quite simple but i got stuck.

import cv2
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

df = pd.read_csv("D:/Dataset/amazon-fine-food-reviews/Reviews.csv")

def map_score(score):
    if score>3:
        return "positive"
    elif score == 3:
        return "neutral"
    elif score<3:
        return "negative"
df['sent_polarity'] = df['Score'].apply(lambda x:map_score(x))
score_map ={"neutral":1,"positive":2,"negative":3}
df['class_label'] = df['sent_polarity'].map(score_map)

tmp_group = df.groupby('UserId')['UserId', 'ProductId', 'ProfileName', 'Time', 'Score', 'Text'].size().reset_index(name='counts')

print(f'Shape before duplication: {df.shape}')
no_dupe = df.drop_duplicates(subset={'UserId','ProfileName','Time','Text'},keep='first',inplace=False)

print(f'Shape after deduplication:\n{no_dupe.shape}')

data = no_dupe[no_dupe.HelpfulnessNumerator <= no_dupe.HelpfulnessDenominator]
print(f'Shape after removing false condition:\n{data.shape}')
import re
def html_removal(sentence):
    pattern = re.compile('<.*?>')
    final_sentence = re.sub(pattern,' ',sentence)
    return final_sentence

def punctuation_removal(sentence):
    final_sentence = re.sub('[^a-zA-Z]',' ',sentence)
    return final_sentence

def number_removal(sentence):
    final_sentence = re.sub('\S*\d\S*'," ",sentence).strip()
    return final_sentence

def url_remover(sentence):
    text = re.sub(r"http\S+"," ",sentence)
    final_sentence = re.sub(r"www.\S+"," ",text)
    return final_sentence

def patterns_removal(sentence): 
    final_sentence  = re.sub("\\s*\\b(?=\\w*(\\w)\\1{2,})\\w*\\b",' ',sentence)
    return final_sentence
#function to expand words and convert all words to lower case
def expand(string_of_n_length):
    string_of_n_length = str(string_of_n_length).lower()
    string_of_n_length = string_of_n_length.replace(",000,000", " m").replace(",000", " k").replace("′", "'").replace("’", "'")\
    .replace("won't", " will not").replace("cannot", " can not").replace("can't", " can not")\
    .replace("n't", " not")\
    .replace("what's", " what is")\
    .replace("it's", " it is")\
    .replace("'ve", " have")\
    .replace("'m", " am")\
    .replace("'re", " are")\
    .replace("he's", " he is")\
    .replace("she's", " she is")\
    .replace("'s", " own")\
    .replace("%", " percent ")\
    .replace("₹", " rupee ")\
    .replace("$", " dollar ")\
    .replace("€", " euro ")\
    .replace("'ll", " will")\
    .replace("how's"," how has")\
    .replace("y'all"," you all")\
    .replace("o'clock"," of the clock")\
    .replace("ne'er"," never")\
    .replace("let's"," let us")\
    .replace("finna"," fixing to")\
    .replace("gonna"," going to")\
    .replace("gimme"," give me")\
    .replace("gotta"," got to")\
    .replace("'d"," would")\
    .replace("daresn't"," dare not")\
    .replace("dasn't"," dare not")\
    .replace("e'er"," ever")\
    .replace("everyone's"," everyone is")\
    .replace("'cause'"," because")
    string_of_n_length = re.sub(r"([0-9]+)000000", r"\1m", string_of_n_length)
    string_of_n_length = re.sub(r"([0-9]+)000", r"\1k", string_of_n_length)
    return string_of_n_length
from nltk.corpus import stopwords
#set of default_stopwords
default_stopwords = set(stopwords.words('english'))

#excluding some useful words from default_stopwords set --->  will be usefull while doing sentiment analysis
excluded_stopwords = set(['against','not','don', "don't",'ain','aren',"aren't",'couldn',"couldn't",'didn', "didn't",'doesn',"doesn't",
                 'hadn',"hadn't", 'hasn', "hasn't",'haven',"haven't",'isn', "isn't",'mightn',"mightn't",'mustn',"mustn't",
                 'needn',"needn't",'shouldn', "shouldn't",'wasn',"wasn't",'weren',"weren't",'won',"won't",'wouldn',"wouldn't"])

required_stopwords = default_stopwords - excluded_stopwords 
from nltk.stem import PorterStemmer # can be used 
from nltk.stem.snowball import SnowballStemmer

sno_stm = SnowballStemmer(language='english')

# import these modules
from nltk.stem import WordNetLemmatizer
lemmatizer = WordNetLemmatizer()
print("rocks :", lemmatizer.lemmatize("rocks"))
print("corpora :", lemmatizer.lemmatize("corpora"))
# a denotes adjective in "pos"
print("Tradition :", lemmatizer.lemmatize("Tradition"))
print("Traditional :", lemmatizer.lemmatize("Traditional"))

def preprocessing(sentence):
    proc_1 = html_removal(sentence)
    proc_2 = punctuation_removal(proc_1)
    proc_3 = number_removal(proc_2)
    proc_4 = url_remover(proc_3)
    proc_5 = patterns_removal(proc_4)
    proc_6 = expand(proc_5)
    proc_7 = ' '.join([lemmatizer.lemmatize(word) for word in proc_6.split() if word not in required_stopwords])
    return proc_7

tmp_X = data['Text'].apply(preprocessing)

all_text = ' '.join(tmp_X)
all_words = all_text.split()

from collections import Counter
counts = Counter(all_words)
vocab = sorted(counts, key= counts.get,reverse=True)
vocab_to_int = {word: ii for ii, word in enumerate(vocab, 1)}

def text_to_int(sentence):
    reviews_ints = []
    reviews_ints.append([vocab_to_int[word] for word in sentence.split()])
    return reviews_ints

X_data = tmp_X.apply(text_to_int)

# outlier review stats
review_lens = Counter([len(x[0]) for x in X_data])
print("Zero-length reviews: {}".format(review_lens[0]))
print("Maximum review length: {}".format(max(review_lens)))

print('Number of reviews before removing outliers: ', len(X_data))

## remove any reviews/labels with zero length from the reviews_ints list.

# get indices of any reviews with length 0
non_zero_idx = [ii for ii, review in enumerate(X_data) if len(review[0]) != 0]

# remove 0-length reviews and their labels
reviews_ints = [X_data.iloc[ii] for ii in non_zero_idx]
encoded_labels = np.array([data['class_label'].iloc[ii] for ii in non_zero_idx])

print('Number of reviews after removing outliers: ', len(reviews_ints))

def pad_features(reviews_ints,seq_lengths):
    features = np.zeros((len(reviews_ints),seq_lengths),dtype=int)
    for i,row in enumerate(reviews_ints):
    return features

# Test your implementation!

seq_length = 200

features = pad_features(reviews_ints, seq_lengths=seq_length)

## test statements - do not change - ##
assert len(features)==len(reviews_ints), "Your features should have as many rows as reviews."
assert len(features[0])==seq_length, "Each feature row should contain seq_length values."

# print first 10 values of the first 30 batches 

split_frac =0.8
split_idx = int(len(features)*split_frac)
train_x,remaining_x = features[:split_idx],features[split_idx:]
train_y,remaining_y = encoded_labels[:split_idx],encoded_labels[split_idx:]

test_idx = int(len(remaining_x)*0.5)
val_x,test_x = remaining_x[:test_idx],remaining_x[test_idx:]
val_y,test_y = remaining_y[:test_idx],remaining_y[test_idx:]

## print out the shapes of your resultant feature data
print("\t\t\tFeature Shapes:")
print("Train set: \t\t{}".format(train_x.shape), 
      "\nValidation set: \t{}".format(val_x.shape),
      "\nTest set: \t\t{}".format(test_x.shape))

import torch
from import TensorDataset, DataLoader
train_data = TensorDataset(torch.from_numpy(train_x),torch.from_numpy(train_y))
valid_data = TensorDataset(torch.from_numpy(val_x),torch.from_numpy(val_y))
test_data = TensorDataset(torch.from_numpy(test_x),torch.from_numpy(test_y)) 


train_loader= DataLoader(train_data,shuffle=True,batch_size=batch_size)
valid_loader= DataLoader(valid_data,shuffle=True,batch_size=batch_size)
test_loader= DataLoader(test_data,shuffle=True,batch_size=batch_size)

train_on_gpu = torch.cuda.is_available()
    print('Training on GPU.')
    print('No GPU available, training on CPU.')

import torch.nn as nn

class SentimentRNN(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self,vocab_size, output_size, embedding_dim, hidden_dim, n_layers, drop_prob=0.5):
        self.output_size = output_size
        self.n_layers = n_layers
        self.hidden_dim = hidden_dim
        self.embedding = nn.Embedding(vocab_size,embedding_dim)
        self.lstm = nn.LSTM(embedding_dim, hidden_dim, n_layers, dropout=drop_prob, batch_first=True)
        self.dropout = nn.Dropout(0.3)
        self.fc = nn.Linear(hidden_dim,output_size)
    def forward(self,x,hidden):
        batch_size= x.size(0)
        embeds = self.embedding(x)
        lstm_out,lstm_hidden = self.lstm(embeds)
        print("lstm_out: ",lstm_out.shape)
        lstm_out = lstm_out.contiguous().view(-1,self.hidden_dim)
#         print("lstm_out: ",lstm_out.shape)
        lstm_out = self.dropout(lstm_out)
        print("lstm_out: ",lstm_out.shape)
        lstm_out = self.fc(lstm_out)
        print("lstm_out: ",lstm_out.shape)
        return lstm_out,lstm_hidden
    def init_hidden(self,batch_size):
        weight = next(self.parameters()).data
        if train_on_gpu:
            hidden = (,batch_size,self.hidden_dim).zero_().cuda(),
            hidden = (,batch_size,self.hidden_dim).zero_(),
        return hidden

vocab_size = len(vocab)+1
output_size = 3
embedding_dim = 400
hidden_dim = 256
n_layers = 2

net = SentimentRNN(vocab_size,output_size,embedding_dim,hidden_dim,n_layers)

lr = 0.001
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss()
optimizer = torch.optim.Adam(net.parameters(),lr=lr)

epochs = 4
counter =0
clip =5

if train_on_gpu:


for e in range(epochs):
    h = net.init_hidden(batch_size)
    for inputs,labels in train_loader:
        if train_on_gpu:
            inputs,labels = inputs.cuda(), labels.cuda()
        h = tuple([ for each in h])
        output,h = net(inputs,h)
        print("inputs: ",inputs.shape)
        print("output: ",output.shape)
        print("labels: ",labels.shape)
        print("labels reshape:", labels.shape)
        loss = criterion(output,labels.float())
        if counter%print_every ==0:
            val_h = init_hidden(batch_size)
            for inputs,labels in valid_loader:
                val_h = tuple([ for each in val_h])
                if train_on_gpu:
                    inputs,labels = inputs.cuda(),labels.cuda()
                output,val_h = net(inputs,val_h)
                val_loss = criterion(output.squeeze(),labels.float())
            print("Epoch: {}/{}...".format(e+1, epochs),
                  "Step: {}...".format(counter),
                  "Loss: {:.6f}...".format(loss.item()),
                  "Val Loss: {:.6f}".format(np.mean(val_losses)))

I’m pretty sure, that’s your issue

Before that, lstm_out has shape of (batch_size, seq_len, num_directions*hidden_dim). After the .view() it’s (batch_size*seq_len*num_directions, hidden_dim)note that might also be wrong. With batch_size=50, seq_len=200 and num_directions=1 the shape is as expected: (10000, hidden_dim).

This means you’ve created a tensor that is interpreted as having 10,000 samples. Given your classification task, here are two suggestions:

  • Don’t use lstm_out but lstm_hidden. lstm_out contains the hidden state at each time step; lstm_hidden only the last hidden state

  • If you use lstm_out you may want to sum/avg the hidden states at each time step

1 Like

@vdw Thank you so much for pointing this out. I solved my problem. I was following a tutorial for this exercise, can you please tell me when can we use the below line of code or in which scenario stacking lstm can be used ?

lstm_out = lstm_out.contiguous().view(-1,self.hidden_dim)

Do you have a link to the tutorial? It’s hard to say what’s going on. On top of my had, I cannot any case where

lstm_out = lstm_out.contiguous().view(-1,self.hidden_dim)

would be correct. Only if seq_len=1 this would yield the required/expected outcome shape of (50, hidden). Alternatively, you could change the last linear layer to

self.fc = nn.Linear(seq_len*hidden_dim,output_size)

Of course this only works if all your sequences are of length 200. As a side note: that seems quite long for any RNN.

The main issues is that lstm_out includes the hidden states for all time steps. For a basic classifier, this is generally not needed. Using only the last hidden state is the more common ways to go, at least as a start.

Thanks you so much for the answer :slightly_smiling_face: