Resuming from model checkpoints produces different training loss

for the last 2 days I am trying to solve issue when resuming training from model checkpoint. Problem is that the training loss after resuming is a LOT different than before saving model (the difference is huge, almost as if the model was right after initialization process). I can see, that after few iterations it increases accuracy (decreases loss) much faster than if it was learned from scratch. But I don’t know what cuases the loss to be so high.

But weird thing is that I checked output of the same input (before I turned models in the eval mode - model.eval()) right before saving model and right after loading and the output was the same -> so that means it has correct weights everywhere in the model. I assume that the model has to be loaded correctly, because otherwise it would produce different output for the same inputs.

So I was wondering if the optimizer is saved and loaded correctly, so as the lr_scheduler. I checked and optimizer is loaded correctly, the only difference was in the ids for each layer, but I guess these ids are picked randomly at time the model is created. But the order was correct and the values in the state dict were also correct. The lr_scheduler was having correct values. Also I tried the model without lr_scheduler and removed all the “params” from optimizer (I’ve set momentum = 0, weight_decay = 0, so there’s actually no params in the optimizer). But still without success.

Maybe there can be some problem with using optimizer with 2 models like this optimizer = torch.optim.SGD([{'params': model.parameters()}, {'params': fc_layer.parameters()}],, weight_decay=config.weight_decay, momentum=config.momentum) ? I am training face recognition model with AM-Softmax (see the code below), so that’s why I have 2 models (one model for feature-vector extraction, second for learning using AM-Softmax). Can be the problem here? I checked and the weights are correctly saving and loading from and to the fc_layer model.

class AddMarginProduct(nn.Module):
	def __init__(self, in_features: int, out_features: int, s: float = 30.0, m: float = 0.35) -> None:
		Implementation of large margin cosine distance
			nn {[type]} -- [description]
			in_features {int} -- [size of each input sample]
			out_features {int} -- [size of each output sample]
		Keyword Arguments:
			s {float} -- [norm of input feature] (default: {30.0})
			m {float} -- [margin] (default: {0.35})
		super(AddMarginProduct, self).__init__()
		self.in_features = in_features
		self.out_features = out_features
		self.s = s
		self.m = m
		self.weight = Parameter(torch.FloatTensor(out_features, in_features))

	def forward(self, input, label):
		Forward pass of layer
			input {[type]} -- [torch layer inputs]
			label {[type]} -- [torch model labels]
			[type] -- [output]
		# --------------------------- cos(theta) & phi(theta) ---------------------------
		cosine = F.linear(F.normalize(input), F.normalize(self.weight))
		phi = cosine - self.m
		# --------------------------- convert label to one-hot ---------------------------
		one_hot = torch.zeros(cosine.size()).scatter_(1, label.unsqueeze(1), 1).byte()
		output = torch.where(one_hot, phi, cosine)
		output *= self.s

		return output

Now I am out of ideas why there’s the big difference after resuming from the model checkpoint.

There’s just main parts of my code, if you can spot some mistake I did? (I removed unnecessary part as config parsing, my custom classes for progress managing and so on, but the complete code doesn’t yield any error).

def main():
    # Set cuda if it's available, set correct default tensor and set random seed
    use_cuda = not config.no_cuda and torch.cuda.is_available()
    device = torch.device("cuda" if use_cuda else "cpu")
    # torch.manual_seed(config.seed)  # Tried with or without manual seed
    if device.type == 'cuda':
    	cudnn.benchmark = True

    # Create train dataset factory with transforms and train_loader
	train_dataset = dataset_factory.get_train_dataset(transforms=T.Compose([
		T.RandomAffine(10, translate=(0.05, 0.05), scale=(0.9, 1.1), shear=5),
		T.Normalize(mean=[0.485, 0.456, 0.406], std=[0.229, 0.224, 0.225]),
	train_loader =

	# Create test dataset with transforms and test_loader
	test_dataset = dataset_factory.get_test_dataset(transforms=T.Compose([
		T.Normalize(mean=[0.485, 0.456, 0.406], std=[0.229, 0.224, 0.225]),
	test_loader =

    # Create models
    model = resnet_18(pretrained=config.pretrained, num_classes=config.feature_size)
    fc_layer = AddMarginProduct(config.feature_size, train_dataset.one_hot_vector_classes)

    # Cast to device

    # Create loss func and optimizer
	criterion = F.cross_entropy
	optimizer = torch.optim.SGD([{'params': model.parameters()}, {'params': fc_layer.parameters()}],, weight_decay=config.weight_decay, momentum=config.momentum)

	# Set scheduler and set initial epoch
	scheduler = StepLR(optimizer, step_size=config.lr_step_size, gamma=config.lr_gammma)
	start_epoch = 1

    # Model manager is just wrapper for and torch.load(), because it automatically adds best accuracies to the dictionary
    model_manager = ModelManager()

	# If we should resume
	if args.resume and os.path.isfile(args.resume):
		fc_load_failed = False
		# Load the checkpoint
		print('Loading checkpoint {}'.format(args.resume))
		checkpoint_state = model_manager.load_model_checkpoint(args.resume)
		# Models
		except Exception as e:
			fc_load_failed = True
			print("Cannot load fc_layer (probably wrong dimensions from loaded model) - exception: ", e)

		# Load model only (not the optimizer and other options)
		if not args.model_only:
			if not fc_load_failed:

			start_epoch = checkpoint_state['epoch'] + 1
			config.epochs += start_epoch
			print("Loaded checkpoint '{}' (epoch {})".format(args.resume, start_epoch))

	# Train
	for epoch in range(start_epoch, config.epochs):

		# In this function is called model.train() and fc_layer.train()
		train(config, model, fc_layer, device, train_loader, optimizer, criterion, epoch, update_logger, epoch_logger)
		# There is called model.eval() and fc_layer.eval()
		lfw_acc = test(config, model, fc_layer, device, test_loader, criterion, epoch_logger, epoch, evaluator, plots_dir)

		# Save model after each epoch
			os.path.join(models_dir, "{}_e_{}_acc_{}.pth".format(config.model, str(epoch).zfill(4), lfw_acc)), 
				"model_arch": config.model,
				"fc_layer_arch": config.fc_layer,
				"models": {
					"model": model.state_dict(),
					"fc_layer": fc_layer.state_dict()
				"optimizer": optimizer.state_dict(),
				"scheduler": scheduler.state_dict(),
				"epoch": epoch,
			os.path.join(models_dir, "{}_best.pth".format(config.model))

Have I done anything wrong?

Also I tried pytorch version 0.4.1 and 1.0.0, and nothing changed.

Thank you very much for your help, I am a little desperate, because I am out of ideas what could be wrong.

The training loss is different, but is it qualitatively different? If it’s not qualitatively different (i.e. it’s not better or worse in any stastically significant way), I’d say it’s expected (read below).

The most obvious ways why the training loss is diverging is that you are not saving / restoring the random seed for the DataLoader RNG (I see you have RandomAffine / RandomHorizontalFlip).


How to check if loss is qualitatively different?

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How to save/restore the random seed for the DataLoader RNG?

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How do you restore so that that dataloader also restores from the right batch.

This seems important for reproducible research.

related: Resume iterating dataloader from checkpoint batch_idx